2021 iSEE Seed-Funded Research Projects
Supporting interdisciplinary research and collaboration
Since its first year in 2013-14, iSEE has seed-funded interdisciplinary research projects on topics related to sustainability, energy, and environment to promote new research collaborations or enhance existing collaborations among faculty across campus that will improve their potential for attracting external support.
The goal of this funding is to enable faculty to develop exploratory research ideas that involve multiple disciplines and departments in any of the five thematic areas of interest
to iSEE (Climate Solutions, Energy Transitions, Secure & Sustainable Agriculture; Sustainable Infrastructure, and Water & Land Stewardship); collect preliminary data or other information to develop a research project; and prepare and submit research proposals for external funding.
iSEE’s 2021 projects were chosen because of their innovation, commitment to collaboration, and initiative to tackle real issues.
RURAL: Resilient Urban-Rural Analysis for Livability
This project seeks to answer a critical question facing the American Midwest: “Can sustainability be rural?” As populations migrate from populous cities to small communities, it is critical to ensure that these “urban-rural” communities maintain resilience and livability for all residents.
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However, increasingly severe weather (e.g., the devastating and costly 2020 derecho event) and racialized social inequities create barriers against inclusive, sustainable development.
Using a system of midsized communities like Champaign-Urbana, Peoria, and Aurora as a testbed, the research team will investigate the many interlocking systems that comprise the urban-rural network, with a specific focus on the following subsystems: food (security and agricultural land management); water (infrastructure and flood/drought mitigation); energy (generation and use); and people (movement between cities, “white flight,” and segregation).
Systems of midsized cities and their rural surroundings differ from large metropolitan environments in that they dually rely on agriculture and infrastructure; however, these synergistic systems are under-studied. Data generated from this research will create a new wealth of knowledge to inform best practices for land management, ecological biodiversity, government, and environmental justice.
The Project Team (updated Summer 2021)
- Amy Ando, Professor of Agricultural & Consumer Economics
- Julie Cidell, Professor of Geography & Geographic Information Science
- Shaowen Wang, Professor of Geography & Geographic Information Science
- Andrew Greenlee, Associate Professor of Urban & Regional Planning
- James O’Dwyer, Associate Professor of Plant Biology
- Ryan Sriver, Associate Professor of Atmospheric Sciences
- Ashlynn Stillwell, Associate Professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering
- Deanna Hence, Assistant Professor of Atmospheric Sciences
- Liang Chen, Research Scientist in Climatology, Illinois State Water Survey
- Brenda Molano-Flores, Plant Ecologist, Illinois Natural History Survey
- Ashish George, Postdoc
- Jose Acosta-Cordova, Graduate Student, Geography & Geographic Information Science
- Allisa Hastie, Graduate Student, Civil & Environmental Engineering
- Emma Walters, Graduate Student, Urban & Regional Planning
- Kaylee Wells, Graduate Student, Agricultural & Consumer Economics
Integrated Electrochemical Separation Technologies for Nutrient Recovery and Valorization
While agricultural fertilizers can optimize food crop production in the U.S., excess nitrogen runoff from these products threatens the health of the country’s freshwater systems. In Midwestern watersheds (e.g., the Illinois River Basin), elevated chemical concentrations lead to pollution and dangerous algal blooms.
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But removing nitrogen from waterways — from the Chicago River to the Mississippi — poses extreme scientific and environmental challenges. To remedy this growing concern, a U of I research team is fashioning an environmentally sustainable system to not only capture excess nitrogen from contaminated water, but also upcycle that nitrogen for reuse in products like ammonia (which is itself an agricultural fertilizer).
To develop a fully renewable-energy-based process to recover and use nitrogen, the team will take a three-pronged approach. First, they’ll use a sophisticated, electrically powered nitrogen-selective separation process to remove the chemical from polluted water. Next, the nitrate will be upcycled into ammonia. (While current methods for ammonia production are energy-intensive and contribute 3% of global carbon emissions, this team’s method will use renewable electricity.)
The final step in this process is a techno-economic and life cycle analysis, to ensure the value and holistic sustainability of the nitrogen removal and ammonia production process as a whole. Ultimately, this combination of nitrogen recovery and use will promote sustainable land stewardship, strengthen community resilience to nitrogen runoff, and encourage energy-efficient nutrient recycling on a larger scale.
The Project Team
- Xiao Su, Assistant Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
- R. Mohan Sankaran, Donald Biggar Willett Professor of Nuclear, Plasma & Radiological Engineering
- Prashant K. Jain, Professor of Chemistry and Alumni Scholar
- Xinlei Wang, Professor of Agricultural and Biological Engineering
SUMMER 2021 UPDATE
In April, the team put in a $2 million proposal (“EFRI-DChem: Electrically-Powered Manufacturing of Value-Added Nitrogen Compounds;” lead PI: Sankaran; Co-PIs: Jain, Wang, Su, and one more) to the National Science Foundation’s Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation (EFRI) program. A decision is pending.
On July 3, Su and co-authors published “Redox-Mediated Electrochemical Desalination for Waste Valorization in Dairy Production” in Chemical Engineering Journal. Read the U of I News Bureau news release >>>
Our research requires interdisciplinary collaboration, bringing the brightest of the bright together to solve the world’s current and future problems. We call it “actionable research” — that is, scientific progress toward real-world solutions that can have an immediate and/or lasting impact on the world we live in.
Approved by the University of Illinois Board of Trustees in December 2013, iSEE made its first funding award in 2014 for three projects. In 2015, iSEE seed-funded four projects. It has helped facilitate large research grant proposals in ensuing years, acquiring funding for projects and centers on the Illinois campus. In 2018, iSEE began offering seed funding for its Campus as a Living Laboratory program. In 2019, the Institute supported its largest class of seed-funded projects with nine total, including four that are part of Campus as a Living Lab.