Stored solar stove project
In Lead Investigator Bruce Elliott-Litchfield’s words:
“We are working on the so-called Global Cooking Problem. Three billion people — nearly half the world’s population — still cook using solid fuels and that causes over 4 million deaths per year. That’s more than malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS combined.
“Many others are working on this problem, but almost all of them are designing improved combustion stoves. That is, they still burn wood or charcoal or dung, and they still create emissions. We chose to take a more dramatic approach. We have a technology that cooks without fire, without fuel, and creates no emissions, and it is viable virtually worldwide. Here’s how:
“The earth receives more solar energy every hour than civilization uses in an entire year. And so we want to use some of that free, clean energy.
“You may be thinking, ‘Solar cookers are slow, they don’t get hot enough, and they can’t cook when the sun’s not out.’ You may be thinking, ‘Solar cookers don’t really work.’
“But we are developing systems to concentrate, collect, store, and then recover solar thermal energy at high temperatures — near flame temperatures, and that’s key for replacing fire cooking. Another key: Storing the solar heat so you can cook later — and in a different location — is essential. You have to be able to cook at night or even the next day or even several days later for this technology to be widely adopted.
“It also helps that the stored energy can be used for space heating, or for cooling, or for generating electricity to charge phones or provide lighting. We believe that with sufficient R&D investments we can develop systems that can be sold for use by hundreds of millions — maybe billions — of those who currently cook with solid fuel. And we expect this technology to find applications in the developed world as well.”
- Team wins Ocean Exchange 2016 Gulfstream® Navigator Award
- Summer 2016 Progress Update
- Sun Buckets Inc. Students Win Cozad Award
- Materials Testing Continues
Student team members of Sun Buckets — the startup company launched out of iSEE’s Stored Solar Stove project — are the recipients of The Ocean Exchange’s 2016 Gulfstream® Navigator Award.
Presented each year at The Ocean Exchange’s Annual Event, this $100,000 award honors an outstanding innovation that demonstrates positive impact on the environment, economies, and health while respecting cultures around the world and has applications across multiple industries.
- A means to quickly recover the stored energy from the “Sun Bucket” vessel for cooking and other uses.
- A new way to seal the vessel and ensuring safe operation.
- A prototype that keeps the vessel in the focal point of the charging dish, thereby reducing charge times by 25-40%.
- Testing on a tracking mechanism to maintain focus on the sun throughout the day.
- New contacts (and new testing of the Sun Buckets system and cooking) at Navajo Tech University in Crownpoint, N.M., Climate Healers in India and Navajo Nation; LSM NGO in Haiti; and an Environmental Education Center in Namibia.
- A new cooking blog by team member Samantha Lindgren (photo at right).
- A connection with the Green Restaurant Association to explore domestic markets.
- Continued data processing toward construction of solar mapping, total global potential, and prime starter locations.
The award, announced April 28, 2016, recognized the team for having the most promising energy-related startup — now known as Sun Buckets Inc.
More on the Cozad Awards can be found on the Technology Entrepreneur Center website.
In addition, congratulations to Stored Solar Stove team member Matthew Alonso, a Ph.D. Candidate in Agricultural and Biological Engineering, who was a finalist and runner-up for the annual Illinois Innovation Prize.
In Spring 2015, Ph.D. graduate student Matthew Alonso and undergraduates Sid Madhulbalan and Blake Banks continued to test candidate materials for storing solar energy. When any material is left in the sun it gets warm — but not warm enough to cook on necessarily. To replicate the feel of cooking over fire (the most dominant type of cooking in developing countries), a solar storage material must gather large amounts of energy from sunlight and then release that energy evenly at high temperature when taken out of the sun and into the home. So far, the team has has the greatest success with certain types of salt blocks. After a summer’s worth of work, the students have been able to achieve a consistent boil time of less than five minutes for 1 liter of water. They’ve also been able to cook meals — their specialty is naan bread — on prototype designs.
- Bruce Elliott-Litchfield, Professor of Agricultural and Biological Engineering (third from right). His departmental page.
- Tami Bond, Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering (third from left), a 2014. Her departmental page. Her Center for Applied Collaboration on Human Environments (CACHE) page. Her lab page.
- Madhu Viswanathan, Professor of Business (second from right). His departmental page.
- Joe Bradley, Teaching Associate at IEFX-Illinois Engineering First-Year Experience (far right). His office page.
Operating team: Students
- Matthew Alonso, Ph.D. Candidate in Agricultural and Biological Engineering (far left). Read more about Matthew and his work >>>
- Keilin Jahnke, Ph.D. Candidate in Agricultural and Biological Engineering. Read more about Keilin and her work >>>
- Samantha Lindgren, Ph.D. Candidate in Agricultural and Biological Engineering. Her Cooking with Sun Buckets blog.
- Emily Floess, M.S. Candidate in Environmental Engineering. Read more about Emily and her work >>>
- Moosa S Al-Nimer, Undergraduate in Computer Engineering
- Blake Banks, Undergraduate in Chemical Engineering
- Calvin Smith, Undergraduate in Civil Engineering
- Tyler Traywick, Undergraduate in Electrical Engineering
- Brendan Wolan, Undergraduate in Materials Science and Engineering
- Catherine Zhou, Undergraduate in Chemical Engineering
- Omeed Salo, University High School
- Rahi Salo, University High School
Former Team Members
- Ndu Egekeze (second from left in top photo), Corporate Liaison at IEFX-Illinois Engineering First-Year Experience
- Sid Madhubalan, Undergraduate in Mechanical Engineering
- Steven Morse, Undergraduate in Mechanical Engineering
Viswanathan’s class, BADM 532 “Sustainable Product and Market Development for Subsistence Marketplaces,” lent a helping hand on the project during the 2014-15 and ’15-’16 academic years. Read bios of the student 2015-16 team.
Thanks to the MechSE Senior Design Team #19, Spring 2016, for making improvements to our parabolic dish and prototyping a tracking system.
Publications & Presentations
Ocean Exchange Gulfstream Navigator Award Presentation
On Nov. 10, 2016, team member Samantha Lindgren presented the stored solar stove team’s research, product, and Sun Buckets startup business model at the annual Ocean Exchange Event. Watch a video of her TED-styled talk about the global cooking problem, and how Illinois research is addressing it >>>